What You Need to Know About Wine Tasting

Wine tasting is an individual sensory assessment and evaluation of wine in various settings. While the process of wine tasting dates back to as early as the early 14th century, a formalized methodology was developed in the latter part of the last century. In most countries, wine tasting nowadays includes a brief description of the wine and the tasting notes, including information on the food and other wines, as well as any other information that might be helpful. The primary objective of the tasting note is simply to present the wine in a positive light and generally, this is done by people who are experts in wine or by those with more experience in appreciating wine.
There are four basic types of tastings: the “food” tasting, the “taste” tasting, the “appraisal” tasting and the “contemplation” tasting. The food tasting, in which wine is tasted on the food surrounding it, is the most traditional method of tasting wine and can often be organized around themes – for example, the French taste their red wines with bread and their whites with certain spices.
Appraisal tasting, on the other hand, tends to include more wine tasting information and often includes wine experts who evaluate wines based on the characteristics of the particular wine and the food being served. The “contemplation” tasting involves a longer process, lasting about three hours, during which wine is simply tasted – the person is allowed to sip the wine, allowing his or her tongue to follow the wine’s path throughout the glass. This is usually followed by a period of quiet contemplation, during which the wine is thought to have effect upon the senses.